中国循证医学杂志

中国循证医学杂志

概况性评价简介

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知证决策(informed-evidence decision-making,IEDM)已成为指导政策制定和实践的主要原则,然而最佳证据是保证 IEDM 成功实施的前提。由于证据类型和综述问题的种类存在多样性,因此发展能更为有效且严格地进行证据识别与合成的方法势在必行。当前已有 14 种文献研究方法可用于证据的识别与合成,概况性评价(scoping review)是其中之一。本文将从发展背景、目的及方法学框架等方面对概况性评价进行介绍,并通过实例来展示该方法的具体应用,以推动该方法在国内的传播与应用。

Informed-evidence decision-making (IEDM) has emerged as the predominant principle of providing guidance for policy-making and practice, however, the best available evidences requisite of performing successfully IEDM. Different forms of evidence and different kinds of review questions call for the development of new approaches that are designed to more effectively and rigorously identify and synthesize the evidence. Fourteen methods of reviewing literature have been recently used to identify and synthesize evidence, of which scoping reviews is increasing popular. This article introduces aspects such as background, purpose and methodological frame work and explains the process of it with an example so that facilitating the dissemination and utilization of scoping review in China.

关键词: 知证决策; 证据合成; 政策制定; 概况性评价

Key words: Informed-evidence decision-making; Evidence synthesis; Policy making; Scoping review

引用本文: 卞薇, 陈慧, 宋国敏, 靳英辉, 万丽君, 谭明琼, 曾宪涛, 田旭. 概况性评价简介. 中国循证医学杂志, 2017, 17(4): 488-493. doi: 10.7507/1672-2531.201608004 复制

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